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发电技术  2018, Vol. 39 Issue (2): 97-105    DOI: 10.12096/j.2096-4528.pgt.2018.016
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巴西大停电的思考
周博文1(),陈麒宇2,*(),杨东升1
1 东北大学信息科学与工程学院, 辽宁省 沈阳市 110819
2 中国电力科学研究院有限公司, 北京市 海淀区 100192
On the Power System Large-Scale Blackout in Brazil
Bowen ZHOU1(),Qiyu CHEN2,*(),Dongsheng YANG1
1 College of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shengyang 110819, Liaoning Province, China
2 China Electric Power Research Institute, Haidian District, Beijing 100192, China
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摘要: 

2018年3月21日15:48,巴西发生了大停电事故,巴西北部和东北部电力系统与主网解列,切除负荷19760 MW,约占电网总负荷的25%,85%的州受到影响,造成巨大的经济损失。为避免大面积停电事故的发生,介绍了历史上历次大停电事故的主要过程及危害,总结了大停电事故的经验教训。从自然因素、设备故障、事故处理不当、策略失误等方面,分析了大停电事故的主要原因并提出了相应的改进对策。结合新能源接入、交直流混合电力系统、能源互联网、信息物理电力系统、人工智能等当前电网发展和研究的热点,提出应对大停电事故的主要研究方向。

关键词 电力系统大停电事故能源互联网    
Abstract

At 15:48 on March 21, 2018, a large-scale blackout occurred in Brazil, the power grid in the north and northeast of Brazil were disconnected from main power grid. The load shedding was 19760 MW, accounted for 25% of the total load of the power grid, and 85% of the states were affected, resulting in huge economic losses. In order to avoid severe large-scale blackouts, the main process of blackouts in history was introduced, and lessons learned from blackouts were summarized from the aspects of natural conditions, equipment faults, manual mistakes, strategic mistakes and so on. The main causes of large power outage accidents were analyzed and the corresponding measures were put forward. Finally, combined with several development and research highlights of current power systems, such as renewable energy integration, AC/DC hybrid power systems, energy internet, cyber-physical power systems, and artificial intelligence, the main research directions of power system large scale blackouts were proposed.

Key wordspower systems    large-scale blackout    cascading faults    energy internet
收稿日期: 2018-04-02      出版日期: 2018-07-27
基金资助:国家自然科学基金(61703081);辽宁省自然科学基金(20170520113);新能源电力系统国家重点实验室开放课题(LAPS17013)
通讯作者: 陈麒宇     E-mail: zhoubowen@ise.neu.edu.cn;chenqiyu@epri.sgcc.com.cn
Corresponding author: Qiyu CHEN     E-mail: zhoubowen@ise.neu.edu.cn;chenqiyu@epri.sgcc.com.cn
作者简介: 周博文(1987),男,博士,讲师,研究方向为电力系统稳定与控制、电动汽车与电网互动、储能、需求响应、新能源和能源互联网, zhoubowen@ise.neu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

周博文,陈麒宇,杨东升. 巴西大停电的思考[J]. 发电技术, 2018, 39(2): 97-105.
Bowen ZHOU,Qiyu CHEN,Dongsheng YANG. On the Power System Large-Scale Blackout in Brazil. Power Generation Technology, 2018, 39(2): 97-105.

链接本文:

http://www.pgtjournal.com/CN/10.12096/j.2096-4528.pgt.2018.016      或      http://www.pgtjournal.com/CN/Y2018/V39/I2/97

图1  巴西大停电受影响的区域
表1  1965—2009国外大停电事故
表2  2010年至今国外主要大停电事故
表3  我国大停电事故
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